Research Paper Example - A Sample of an Academic Paper

 

sample qualitative research paper

The study sample for the qualitative study was chosen by stratified, purposive sampling from a previous study of physical activity measurements in pregnancy. Research participants for the current study were recruited on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI) at booking and schajdlichsq.gq by: ⚞ Critique paper example, a typical structure of a qualitative research critique and how our experts can help - find all of the above mentioned at this page! ⚟ We will be glad to assist you with qualitative research critique sample and further writing help including professional editing and formatting. • Optional short conclusion. Title and Abstract • Draft a title that sums up what the paper is about, using key words if possible: ‘Health, ethics and environment: a qualitative study of vegetarian motivations’. • Draft an abstract: this will help you organise your paper as you write it.


Some Examples of Qualitative Research


Please take this quick survey to tell us about what happens after you publish a paper. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. DecemberCite as. Whilst there has been increasing research interest in interventions which promote physical activity during pregnancy few studies have yielded detailed insights into the views and experiences of overweight and obese pregnant women themselves, sample qualitative research paper. The qualitative study described in this paper aimed to: i explore the views and experiences of overweight and obese pregnant women; and ii inform interventions which could promote the adoption of physical activity sample qualitative research paper pregnancy.

This enabled us to examine the hypothetical pathway between beliefs and physical activity intentions within the context of day to day life, sample qualitative research paper. The study sample for the qualitative study was chosen by stratified, sample qualitative research paper, purposive sampling from a previous study of physical activity measurements in pregnancy.

Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 overweight and obese pregnant women. Healthy eating was often viewed as being of greater importance for the health of mother and baby than participation in physical activity, sample qualitative research paper.

A commonly cited motivator for maintaining physical activity during pregnancy is an aid to reducing pregnancy-related weight gain. However, participants often described how they would wait until the postnatal period to try and lose weight.

A wide range of barriers to physical activity during pregnancy were highlighted including both internal physical and psychological and external work, family, time and environmental. The study participants also lacked access to consistent information, advice and support on the benefits of physical activity during pregnancy.

Interventions to encourage recommended levels of physical activity in pregnancy should be accompanied by accessible and consistent information about the positive effects for mother and baby.

Midwives should be encouraged to do more to promote activity in pregnancy. An increasing proportion of women in the UK are obese or overweight at the start of their pregnancy [ 12 ]. This may result in adverse consequences for the immediate and longer-term health of the mother and child [ 34 ]. In light of this, pregnancy is emerging as a priority area for sample qualitative research paper which aim to address the obesity epidemic.

Pregnancy is a unique and critical period in the life course for women and, consequently, they may be more receptive to behaviour change interventions [ 5 ]. Physical activity promotion is a key component of weight control interventions [ 6 ] as it has beneficial effects on glucose metabolism.

It has also been suggested that this may improve pregnancy outcomes independent of weight [ 7 ]. National guidance in the UK recommends at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity activity a day throughout pregnancy for most women [ 89 ]. However, research has highlighted that pregnant women often have low total physical activity levels [ 10 sample qualitative research paper and that these tend to reduce further in the later stages of pregnancy [ 11 ]. There is a dearth of information regarding women's attitudes to physical activity in pregnancy.

A small number of studies have highlighted significant barriers to participation, including lack of time, lack of facilities including childcare and physical barriers [ 12131415 ]. Indeed it has been found that some women perceive physical activity to be an unsafe behaviour when pregnant [ 1617 ]. However, few studies have offered detailed insights into the views and experiences of overweight and obese women themselves.

This paper provides qualitative insights into how overweight and obese pregnant women living in the UK feel about physical activity in pregnancy within the context of their day to day lives.

The findings highlight the barriers and motivators which surround physical activity in pregnancy, the conflicting advice and information which women receive during pregnancy, and which criteria should be considered when designing effective interventions for physical activity in pregnancy, sample qualitative research paper.

This combined approach enabled an examination of the hypothetical pathway between beliefs and physical activity intentions within the context of a sample qualitative research paper day to day life. The Subtle Realism approach [ 18 ] stipulates that the social world does exist independently of individual subjective understandings, but is only accessible to us via research participants' interpretations [ 19 ].

The TPB is a psychological model widely used in the design of behaviour change interventions [ 20 ]. The TPB approach stipulates that intentions predict behaviour, and that three sets of beliefs mediate behavioural intentions in relation to the following criteria: i behavioural beliefs, i, sample qualitative research paper.

Using a combined TPB and Subtle Realism approach it was possible to sample qualitative research paper women's views and experiences within the context of their day to day concerns and priorities.

The sampling frame consisted of 65 women participating in a feasibility study of physical activity measurement methods. These women agreed to wear an accelerometer for seven days at two or three time points sample qualitative research paper pregnancy and to complete two different physical activity questionnaires at each data collection. The measurement study was designed to compare self report and objective measurement methods in pregnant women during normal daily activities.

Previous research has highlighted that weight and family size may influence physical activity participation in non-pregnant women [ 2122 ]. Thus, a stratified purposive sample [ 19 ] for the current study was undertaken according to BMI and parity.

These criteria allowed some diversity in the sample and thus a broad range of women's experiences was explored. Of the 22 women invited to participate in the study, sample qualitative research paper, 14 agreed to be interviewed. Reasons given for non-participation included chronic health problems and time constraints, sample qualitative research paper.

The final sample of 14 interviewees included sample qualitative research paper who were obese and eight who were in their first pregnancy. Thirteen were white, thirteen were employed and five were educated to degree level. All women were interviewed in late pregnancy. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews based on sample qualitative research paper topic guide were used to enable a detailed exploration of women's views and experiences using a flexible and responsive approach [ 19 ].

Interviews were audio-recorded at the participant's home, sample qualitative research paper, with participant permission, and lasted between minutes. The topic guide included the following prompts to elicit participant views and experiences: i what a 'healthy lifestyle' means and its relative relevance for pregnancy; ii physical activity in pregnancy the benefits, barriers and influences ; iii healthy lifestyle interventions in pregnancy and the improvements that could be made.

Data analysis was undertaken using a Framework Approach to manage, describe and explore the original data in relation to the sample qualitative research paper TPB [ 19 ]. The interview transcripts were indexed and mapped on the basis of recurring themes. The synthesised data were examined to identify explanatory accounts, and preliminary typologies were developed [ sample qualitative research paper ].

It is important that researchers reflexively examine their research as "knowledge is produced in specific circumstances and that those circumstances shape it in some way" Rose,p.

For the research design and analysis phases of the study there were three checks on validity i A topic guide was used to sample qualitative research paper a similar range of topics was discussed with each participant. Although only a small number of interviews were conducted, data saturation i. The findings are presented according to the analytical typologies: i behavioural beliefs and attitudes, ii control beliefs and iii normative beliefs. Participants were aware of, and broadly endorsed, the importance of a 'healthy diet' and 'being physically active' in pregnancy.

The antenatal period was often viewed as an opportunity to make positive lifestyle changes:. And to start making choices which will continue after you're pregnant. However, awareness of needing to adopt a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy was not always enough to initiate behavioural change:. I think people are aware and choose to ignore it. A range of perceived benefits of being physically active during pregnancy were elicited.

Regaining pre-pregnancy weight and body shape were the most commonly cited benefits:. Other perceived physical benefits of being physically active in pregnancy included an easier pregnancy and labour:. You get through your pregnancy a lot better. And you're supposed to have an easier time giving birth. The more you do You feel better about yourself.

However, perceived benefits of being physically active in pregnancy were only articulated by our study participants in relation to their own health. Specific benefits associated with physical activity for the baby were not mentioned spontaneously i. Indeed some women were concerned that undertaking physical activity during pregnancy may have a harmful effect on their baby:.

That was my main worry, sample qualitative research paper. All of study participants appeared relatively unconcerned about weight gain during pregnancy. Weight gain was perceived to be a "natural" and "acceptable" part of being pregnant. For many women, any action to address pregnancy sample qualitative research paper gain was deferred to the postnatal period:. Study participants also tended to feel that healthy eating was more important than being physically active in pregnancy.

They often cited the baby as being the main beneficiary of a healthy diet which was in marked contrast to their views on physical activity described earlier :.

Only one participant was classified as an 'activity-emphasiser; she acknowledged the importance of healthy eating but felt physical activity could act as an important 'compensator' to burn off excess intake.

The study participants cited several perceived internal and external barriers to physical activity in pregnancy. Personal health problems associated with pregnancy were sample qualitative research paper most commonly cited 'internal' barrier to physical activity.

Such barriers included sickness, lack of energy, and feeling uncomfortable due to size:. If I feel exhausted I just kind of go with it really, rather than push myself.

Other internal barriers associated with physical activity in pregnancy included lack of self-confidence and motivation:. Work was the most commonly cited external barrier to physical activity. It was perceived to have sample qualitative research paper negative impact on available time and energy levels, the ability to commit to a regular exercise class, and also meant having to prioritise in relation to other day to day life activities:.

I didn't have time during the working week to do it. Study participants with children often cited barriers to physical activity which included lack of time, lack of suitable childcare, guilt, sample qualitative research paper, and wanting to spend time with their family:, sample qualitative research paper.

I don't see it as a great sacrifice" Age 33, obese, MP. Some women felt that there was a lack of suitable exercise classes for pregnant women:. I don't think there's a huge amount offered. Other perceived barriers to physical activity mentioned by the study participants included not feeling safe when they were "out and about" in their local neighbourhood especially at nightsthe weather, and financial constraints.

The study participants often highlighted how they felt they had not had adequate levels of information, support, or advice regarding physical activity in pregnancy:. But there's nothing that's standing out in my head that I can think of at the moment that's provided me with that sort of information or, or that kind of guidance about, about lifestyle or exercise or diet or anything.

Although study participants felt that all health professionals had a responsibility to provide advice and guidance about the benefits or resources available, they generally felt that the midwife was the most appropriate person to provide support and guidance.

Typologies developed around the perceived behavioural expectations of midwives emphasised how most of the study participants felt that their midwife had assumed a 'non-advisory' role, sample qualitative research paper, i. No midwives had been perceived to offer an 'active advisory' role, i. Whilst study participants had lacked guidance on physical activity during pregnancy from health professionals they had often been the recipients of lay knowledge and expertise from family members and sample qualitative research paper. Often such advice was conflicting.

For example, some participants had sample qualitative research paper how their mothers had actively discouraged physical activity, whereas partners were more likely to be sources of encouragement:. Most of the study participants had accessed some form of media-based pregnancy information during their pregnancy e.

 

Qualitative Research Examples | Template Business

 

sample qualitative research paper

 

⚞ Critique paper example, a typical structure of a qualitative research critique and how our experts can help - find all of the above mentioned at this page! ⚟ We will be glad to assist you with qualitative research critique sample and further writing help including professional editing and formatting. The study sample for the qualitative study was chosen by stratified, purposive sampling from a previous study of physical activity measurements in pregnancy. Research participants for the current study were recruited on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI) at booking and schajdlichsq.gq by: QUALITATIVE RESEARCH PAPER 1 Sample of the Qualitative Research Paper In the following pages you will find a sample of the full BGS research qualitative paper with each section or chapter as it might look in a completed research paper beginning with the title page and working through each chapter and section of the research paper.